SECTION: Stau 1990/2020

In the 1990s the influx of right-wing extremist parties and right-wing extremist subcultures was one of the ugly side effects of the unification process in east Germany. In a similar way to today the "New Right" strived for an authority to interpret certain topics; as can also be observed today, youth subcultures played a major role "on the street", similar to today there were places that became "hotspots" of right-wing extremism. In the last few years of the GDR criminologists and filmmakers explored a topic that did not fit into the official image of socialism and was played down as "hooliganism". The so-called “baseball bat years” followed after reunification, as violent attacks increased, often with fatal consequences for the victims. The attacks on the dormitories in Hoyerswerda, Wittenberge and Rostock-Lichtenhagen number amongst the most infamous incidents of this period; likewise, today we see the persecution of foreigners in Chemnitz, the attack on the synagogue in Halle and Third-Reich-era war flags in front of the Bundestag.

Right-wing extremist subcultures ermerged in the grey areas between protest behaviour, opposition to socialist state doctrine and political conviction. The current renaissance of symbolic, right-wing extremist actions is fatally reminiscent of those years. STAU 1990/2020 takes us back to the 1990s with cinematic examples. Filmmakers, contemporary witnesses and experts discuss the events of that time from today's perspective: what long-term effect have the so-called “baseball bat years” had on the ongoing brutalisation of and threat to political culture, as practised by the far right in eastern Germany?

The “Stau 1990/2020” film series is supported by the Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of the SED Dictatorship.

Jammed - Let's Get Moving

Jammed - Let's Get Moving

Stau - Jetzt geht's los!

Thomas Heise
Germany / 1992 / 85 min
In his controversial documentary from 1991 Thomas Heise accompanies right-wing extremist youths from Halle-Neustadt with his camera, conducts lengthy interviews with them and researches the causes of their political affiliation. What it shows is that ...
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Lord of the Toys

Lord of the Toys

Lord of the Toys

Pablo Ben Yakov
Germany / 2018 / 95 min
Max Herzberg was busy on YouTube under the pseudonym Adlersson. The film follows him and his clique for a year, some of whom have up to 300,000 followers. The result is a gloomy picture of the first generation of young adults who no longer know a ...
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Jorge - Tod eines Vertragsarbeiters

Jorge - Tod eines Vertragsarbeiters

Jorge - Tod eines Vertragsarbeiters

Monika Hielscher, Matthias Heeder
Germany / 1994 / 84 min
During a time when hardly anyone could imagine the xenophobic riots of the coming months and years, 28-year-old contract worker Jorge J. Gomondai, from Mozambique, was attacked by a group of rampaging skinheads in Dresden in March 1991 and pushed ...
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OUR CHILDREN

OUR CHILDREN

UNSERE KINDER

Roland Steiner
GDR / 1989 / 88 min
Neo-Nazis, skinheads, anti-skins, punks and goths in the GDR. In 1986 filming began on OUR CHILDREN. For the first time a filmmaker turned his attentions to so-called fringe groups which, officially, were not permitted. Long interviews and letters ...
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ZUR FALSCHEN ZEIT AM FALSCHEN ORT

ZUR FALSCHEN ZEIT AM FALSCHEN ORT

ZUR FALSCHEN ZEIT AM FALSCHEN ORT

Tamara Milosevic
Germany / 2006 / 60 min
In July 2002 17-year-old Marinus Schöberl was brutally mistreated by three young people in Potzlow (Brandenburg), tortured to death and then buried in a cesspool. What might have caused the perpetrators to commit the murder is investigated, based on ...
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